Gen Z is keeping the faith. Just don't expect to see them at worship. (2024)

(RNS) — At 18, Sam still identifies himself as a Catholic. But if it partly defines him, it doesn’t limit him. “I regularly practice centering prayer and was involved in a centering prayer group, which wasn’t technically Catholic,” he recently told us as we researched Gen Z’s attitudes toward faith.

“But through that, I discovered a lot of other kinds of inner spiritual traditions,” Sam continued. “I like to say, when you’re finding God in silence, it doesn’t really matter what you call God: It’s the same God. The Sufi tradition in Islam, I find, resonates with my experiences. Also, the contemplative tradition and different Indian practices of nonduality and mindfulness, Buddhism, all these things.”

Given the decline in attendance at houses of worship and the so-called rise of nones, it might come as a surprise that the majority of young people say they are spiritual and/or religious. According to those who participated in Springtide Research Institute’s State of Religion and Young People 2020, 78% of people ages 13-25 consider themselves at least slightly spiritual, including 60% of unaffiliated young people (atheists, agnostics and nones). And 71% say they are at least slightly religious, including 38% of the unaffiliated.

This might surprise their elders because their spiritual or religious lives often don’t happen at a temple, synagogue or church. Take weddings, which historically have caused even casually religious people to adopt the rituals of a traditional faith. Though 75% of Gen Zers surveyed by The Knot in 2019 said they have a religious background, only 18% said they planned to observe formal religious traditions at their wedding, while nearly 87% saw themselves making their own traditions — including putting a twist on religious practices.

RELATED: Study: Gen Z doubles down on spirituality, combining tarot and traditional faith

Instead of having religious ceremonies led by ordained ministers at houses of worship, Gen Z is coming up with more personalized marriage rituals, inviting friends to officiate in beautiful outdoor settings. Often these ceremonies weave together secular or cultural sources — poetry, music, family stories — with religious ones: Bible readings, a breaking of the glass, a blessing.

This eclecticism exhibits itself in their daily practice as well. Young people are figuring out how to draw on religious and spiritual support to make it through life’s challenges and to celebrate its joys, but they are increasingly doing so outside of formal structures and venues of faith.

And even if they find their religious identity or community in a consistent source, like Sam, more and more GenZers are drawing on various traditions, familial lineages and wisdom sources. New data we released recently showed that 51% of young people of various faith identities engage in tarot cards or other fortune telling practices.

The coming generation may be investing more in faith because of stress and loss. After a year navigating the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2020-2021), over a third of young people (35%) said their faith became stronger, while only 11% said their faith became weaker (half said their faith remained steady). Even more, 46% started new religious or spiritual practices during this time, far more than the 27% who stopped some religious or practices.

The caveat for anyone hoping to turn Gen Z into the generation that came back to church is that while today’s young people take what they find useful in faith traditions, this group has significant trust issues when it comes to formal religious institutions. Asked to rate their trust of organized religion on a 10-point scale, 63% of young people answered 5 or below, including 52% of those who say they’re affiliated with a religious tradition.

You read that right: Over half of young people who claim a religious affiliation have little trust in the very religious institutions with which they identify.

Where trust in religious institutions is low, however, trust in relationships with people in those institutions is extremely high.

Faith leaders who want to appeal to Gen Z need to focus on gaining trust through relationship rather than relying on their institutional authority — their title, role or accomplishments. To be sure, Gen Z members respect expertise, so long as it is combined with genuine care and concern for their well-being — an approach Springtide calls relational authority.

RELATED: ‘OK millennial’: Don’t blame the boomers for decline of religion in America

Faith leaders will also need to make the effort to go out and find Gen Zers. Many faith leaders today are asking how they can reach this generation, but few are actually doing so. Just 8% of young people say there is a religious leader they can turn to if needed, and just 10% of young people say a religious leader reached out to check in during the first year of the pandemic.

But in encountering Gen Z, pastors, rabbis, imams and gurus would be well advised to make room for this generation’s organic and free-flowing approach to spirituality, in their communities and liturgy, resisting the temptation to see this as a kind of selfish spiritual path. Gen Z members are doing this expansive and curious work of constructing their faith whether or not faith leaders are showing up to guide them — but when caring adults walk alongside them and invest in their lives, it makes a difference.

The question is not whether Gen Zers are going to abandon religious institutions — they’re already well on their way. The question is whether faith leaders will walk alongside them as they encounter the divine in new ways.

Josh Packard, left, and Casper ter Kuile. Photos courtesy of Packard’s LinkedIn and Sacred Designs website

(Josh Packard (@drjoshpackard) is executive director of Springtide Research Institute and the author of “Church Refugees.” Casper ter Kuile (@caspertk) is the co-founder of Sacred Design Lab and author of “The Power of Ritual.” The views expressed in this commentary do not necessarily reflect those of Religion News Service.)

Gen Z is keeping the faith. Just don't expect to see them at worship. (2024)


What is the faith of Gen Z? ›

Gen Z adults are notably less likely to identify as white Christians (27%) compared to baby boomers (54%), and more likely to identify as religiously unaffiliated (33%) than every generation except millennials.

What does Gen Z want from church? ›

Friends, Generation Z yearns to be seen and understood for their individuality, rather than being lumped into a generational group. Churches should prioritize authenticity and vulnerability to connect with Gen Z.

What is the belief of Gen Z? ›

Generation Z has been reported to be "progressive and pro-government", though this narrative is challenged, particularly in Europe. The generation is largely in favor of LGBT rights, gender equality, and access to abortion. Economically, Gen Z has a more favorable view of socialism than previous generations.

What does Generation Z value most? ›

This is a generation that values their independence and self-sufficiency. They do not want to be babied or managed too closely. While their next most valued management trait is caring and support, there is a fairly fine line between giving Gen Z independence while being there for them.

How spiritual is Gen Z? ›

In a study of 10,000 Gen Z individuals aged 13 to 25 years, 68% considered themselves religious and 77% considered themselves spiritual [13].

What is Gen Z suffering from? ›

Yet perhaps there is something different happening with gen Z. One in three 18- to 24-year-olds now report symptoms indicating they have experienced a common mental health problem, such as depression or anxiety disorder, compared with one in four in 2000.

How much of Gen Z is atheist? ›

It's not only a lack of religious affiliation that distinguishes Generation Z. They are also far more likely to identify as atheist or agnostic. Eighteen percent of Gen Z affirmatively identify as either atheist (9 percent) or agnostic (9 percent).

Why is Gen Z so criticized? ›

Gen Zers have been criticized for being the most "challenging" generation to work with, according to managers. They are frequently dubbed "lazy," too easily offended, and not productive enough. Some managers have even said that Gen Z workers need to be managed "every second of their day."

What are Gen Z morals? ›

Gen Z is known for their love of sustainable, ethical, and socially responsible companies. They want to feel good about where their money is going.

What is the mentality of Gen Z? ›

They're socially accountable and look forward to working in a sustainable environment. Like millennials, Gen Z also desires frequent feedback on their work and the opportunity to advance their careers.

What does Gen Z respect? ›

One of the striking aspects of Gen Z's perspective is their emphasis on kindness and empathy in leadership. They value leaders who not only achieve results but also demonstrate care and concern for their team members. In their eyes, true strength is found in compassion.

Why is Gen Z so powerful? ›

They are constantly connected, always on the go, and extremely tech-savvy. As a result, Gen Z is often lauded for being entrepreneurial, innovative, and open-minded. It's important to recognize the strengths of Gen Z because this generation is quickly becoming the largest demographic in the workforce.

What is the religion of Z? ›

Zoroastranism combines a dualistic cosmology of good and evil with an eschatology predicting the ultimate triumph of Ahura Mazda over evil. Opinions vary among scholars as to whether Zoroastrianism is monotheistic, polytheistic, or henotheistic. Some assert that it combines elements of all three.

What is Gen Z philosophy? ›

Though the two philosophical movements are definitely different (existentialism concerns the meaning of existing and its variability person-to-person and nihilism believes that life is meaningless), Gen Z simultaneously believes in the meaningless of life and the thought that life is what you make it, which makes for a ...

What is Gen Z culture like? ›

Now, people born between 1997 and 2010, known as Generation Z, or “zoomers,” enter the workforce with both optimism and skepticism. According to The Harris Poll, Gen Z is the first generation of social media natives, and they prioritize diversity and inclusion as well as mental health.

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